Pocket Compass (prismatic)

Pocket Compass (prismatic)

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Description
Like the prismatic compass for which Charles Schmalcalder obtained a British patent in 1812, this one lets the user read the card while sighting a distant object. It has a tall folding sight at north, and at south, a shorter sight with a prismatic eyepiece at its base. The floating card is colored bright green; the numbers around its edge read correctly when seen through the prismatic eyepiece. Unlike the Schmalcalder instrument, this one has a solid plate covering most of the card. It was termed an Improved Hutchinson Prismatic Compass, said to be lighter and less bulky "than the old form," and was "adopted by the various branches of the English and Foreign Services." This example, which belonged to the University of Missouri at Columbia, is marked "A. S. ALOE CO. ST. LOUIS." A. S. Aloe & Company became A. S. Aloe Co. in 1894.
Ref: James J. Hicks, Illustrated & Descriptive Catalogue (London, 1876), p. 141.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
Pocket Compass (Prismatic)
maker
A.S. Aloe and Company
place made
United States: Missouri, St. Louis
Measurements
overall: 1 1/2 in x 5 1/2 in x 7 in; 3.81 cm x 13.97 cm x 17.78 cm
ID Number
PH.333638
catalog number
333638
accession number
300659
Credit Line
University of Missouri-Columbia, Department of Civil Engineering
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Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Measuring & Mapping
Surveying and Geodesy
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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