Patent Model for a Paper-ruling Machine

Patent Model for a Paper-ruling Machine

Description (Brief)
This patent model demonstrates an invention for a paper-ruling machine which was granted patent number 135751. The ruling pens on the machine were lowered and lifted by an electro-magnetic apparatus, a 'quick and lively but soft and easy' action. Patentee Averell is best known as the inventor of a wire stitcher (or stapler), which he patented in 1874.
Currently not on view
Object Name
patent model
machine, paper ruling
Object Type
Patent Model
date made
ca 1873
patent date
Averell, Ellicott D.
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
cloth (overall material)
overall: 25.3 cm x 19 cm x 23.5 cm; 9 15/16 in x 7 1/2 in x 9 1/4 in
ID Number
accession number
patent number
catalog number
See more items in
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Industry & Manufacturing
Patent Models
Patent Models, Graphic Arts
Data Source
National Museum of American History
Nominate this object for photography.   

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.


Add a comment about this object