Model of Pennsylvania Railroad's 1910 Electric Locomotive 3977

Model of Pennsylvania Railroad's 1910 Electric Locomotive 3977

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This is a model of the Pennsylvania Railroad’s No. 3977, an electric locomotive built in 1910.
In the early twentieth century, the Pennsylvania Railroad terminated across the Hudson River from New York City. However, its archrival, the New York Central Railroad, operated trains into midtown Manhattan. To compete with the New York Central, the Pennsylvania opened its Pennsylvania Station in the city in 1910. To reach Penn Station, the line tunneled beneath the Hudson River. These long tunnels were unsuitable for steam locomotives, as the smoke that these engines emitted became trapped inside. The No. 3977 was one of thirty-three DD1 class electric locomotives built for service through the tunnels between Pennsylvania Station and Manhattan Transfer, a stop near Newark, NJ. At Manhattan Transfer, the electric engines were cut off and steam locomotives pulled the trains onward.
One DD1 pair, consisting of nos. 3936 and 3937, survives in the Pennsylvania Railroad Museum in Strasburg, PA. This model is part of the collection displayed in the museum’s Railroad Hall exhibit of 1964-2002 to illustrate the technological development of the locomotive.
Currently on loan
Object Name
model, locomotive
Other Terms
Locomotive Set, D.D.1, 1910; Rail; Electric
date made
ca 1962
used date
Shawcraft (Models) Ltd.
Associated Place
United States: New York
United States: New Jersey
United States: Pennsylvania
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
America on the Move
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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