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John Marshall (1663-1725) was an optical instrument maker in London whose “Great Double Microscope” introduced in around 1693 was similar in many ways to Hooke’s instrument. A compound binocular with cardboard tube, wooden fittings, and screw focus, it attached to a pillar that sat atop a ball and socket joint. It had a glass stage, a sub-stage mirror, and a wooden based with drawer to hold accessories. The form remained popular throughout the century. The Smithsonian’s example is a replica based on the illustration in John Harris, Lexicon Technicum (London, 1704), art. “Microscopes.”
Ref: John Mayall, Cantor Lectures on the Microscope (London, 1886), pp. 36-37.
Reginald Clay and Thomas Court, The History of the Microscope (London, 1932), pp. 90-107.
Currently not on view
Object Name
microscope, replica
date made
Lucas, Joseph D.
place made
United States: Ohio, Cleveland
stand: 5 cm x 23 cm x 22 cm; 1 31/32 in x 9 1/16 in x 8 21/32 in
barrel: 54 cm x 16 cm x 13 cm; 21 1/4 in x 6 5/16 in x 5 1/8 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Mrs. Joseph D. Lucas
Science & Scientific Instruments
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Science & Mathematics
Data Source
National Museum of American History
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