Smithsonian museums continue to be closed to support the effort to contain the spread of COVID-19. Read a message from our director, and check our website and social media for updates.

Culpeper-Type Microscope

Culpeper-Type Microscope

<< >>
Usage conditions apply
Downloads
Description
This “Culpeper” type microscope is made from wood, cardboard and sharkskin (or shagreen). The base is circular and has three wooden vertical supports which connect the base to the round stage. The cardboard tube is covered with shagreen that is dyed green. The mirror is mounted on a wooden hinge attached to the center of the base. A circular mark with initials is burned into the underside of the base, but the letters are illegible. Focusing is achieved by moving the tube up and down. The base is circular and made from turned wood, and has three round wooden feet.
One of the main cottage industries of the city of Nuremberg was the manufacturer of toys. In the 18th and 19th centuries thousands of microscopes like the one in the Squibb Collection were produced. Besides the Culpeper type microscope, several other models were produced including a box shaped, compound monocular microscope attached to a base with a drawer, and a “drum” type microscope. Nuremberg microscopes are rare and sought after by microscope collectors.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
microscope
microscope
date made
after 1750
place made
Germany: Bavaria, Nuremberg
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
shagreen (overall material)
glass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 32.7 cm x 12.6 cm; 12 7/8 in x 4 31/32 in
overall: 12 3/4 in x 5 in; 32.385 cm x 12.7 cm
ID Number
1991.0664.0904
accession number
1991.0664
catalog number
M-06300
collector/donor number
SAP 992
catalog number
1991.0664.0904
Credit Line
Gift of American Pharmaceutical Association and Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
subject
Pharmacy
Microscopy
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Art
Health & Medicine
European Apothecary
Data Source
National Museum of American History
Nominate this object for photography.   

Our collection database is a work in progress. We may update this record based on further research and review. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online.

If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions.

Note: Comment submission on our collection pages is temporarily unavailable. Please check back soon!

If you have a question or require a personal response, please visit our FAQ or contact page.