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Mariner's Astrolabe

Mariner's Astrolabe

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Description
Mariners were using astrolabes like this one to determine latitude by the late fifteenth century. A mariner would hold the astrolabe up at noon so the sun shone through its two sights. He would then read the scale to determine the sun’s altitude and consult a table of the sun’s daily declination to determine the latitude of his ship. Astrolabes with bigger pinholes could also be used to sight stars. Because it had to be suspended for use, the astrolabe was affected by the rocking of the ship and the wind. It was eventually replaced by the cross staff and then the back staff, both of which were cheaper to build and easier to use.
This astrolabe was reportedly found at the bottom of Manila Harbor in 1917 and may have been used on a Portuguese ship. The alidade, axis pin, and butterfly nut may not be original. The numbered scale is inaccurate, with "40" stamped twice and the "0" position marked as "1." Though the instrument is relatively small, it is quite heavy, weighing approximately 5.5 pounds. The instrument is inscribed "1602."
Ref: Alan Stimson. The Mariner’s Astrolabe (Utrecht, 1988), p. 70-71.
Location
Currently on loan
Object Name
astrolabe, mariner's
date made
1602
Physical Description
brass (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 23.4 cm x 18.2 cm x 7.5 cm; 9 7/32 in x 7 5/32 in x 2 15/16 in
ID Number
MA.333939
catalog number
333939
accession number
319002
Credit Line
Gift of the Barlow Family
subject
Mathematics
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Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Measuring & Mapping
Navigation
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Data Source
National Museum of American History
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