Government and Politics in the United States: Problems in American Democracy is a textbook on local, state and national governments. It contains a variety of explanatory graphs, tables, diagrams, and photographs. The front cover contains an illustration of the seal of the United States.
Author William Backus Guitteau was a leader in the American progressive movement of the late 19th Century in the areas of education, health, and government reform. He earned a law degree from Ohio State University, an M.A. in economics at Cornell University, followed by a PhD. in History from the University of Pennsylvania. In 1911, Guitteau became Superintendent of Toledo Public Schools, later serving as Director of Schools from 1923 through 1925. He lectured about municipal reform and published several textbooks on government and history. Guitteau also led a highly successful movement to provide better education for those stricken with tuberculosis.
After the main text, there is a supplementary text entitled The Government of Kansas by Victor Iles. He was an Associate Professor at Kansas State Agricultural College.
Henry Oscar Houghton, a printer and one-time mayor of Cambridge, Massachusetts, founded Riverside Press in 1852 along the banks of the Charles River. In 1880, Houghton partnered with George Mifflin to found Houghton Mifflin Company. Riverside Press continued to expand throughout the latter half of the 19th Century, growing to over 600 employees by 1886. Riverside was known for its quality typographic, stylistic, and artistic work. Houghton Mifflin (Riverside’s parent company) continued to invest in the press well into the 20th century. By the late 1960s, however, with the advent of newer technology and increased competition, the viability of Riverside was called into question. By 1971, the original Riverside Press was closed after 120 years of continuous operation in Cambridge.
These stickers promoted Governor Michael Dukakis of Massachusetts, the Democratic presidential nominee in 1988. He lost the election to Vice President George H.W. Bush, the Republican candidate. Disposable campaign stickers were first produced in 1968. They were cheaper and easier to manufacture and were more fabric friendly than the traditional pin-back button.
“Make America Great Again” has been a popular presidential political slogan for decades. Republican Ronald Reagan used it when he defeated President Jimmy Carter in 1980. Democrat Bill Clinton started his 1992 campaign with the pledge to “make America great again” and Donald Trump trademarked the slogan for his successful 2016 Republican campaign.
Woodrow Wilson, governor of New Jersey, was the 1912 Democratic presidential nominee. He came out on top in a four-way race defeating former president Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive), incumbent president William Howard Taft (Republican), and labor activist Eugene V. Debs (Socialist) who finished in that order.
Geraldine Ferraro served three terms as a representative from New York before being tapped as the running mate of 1984 Democratic candidate Walter Mondale. Ferraro was the first woman to be named to a major-party national ticket. She and former vice president Mondale were defeated in a landslide by the Republicans President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H.W. Bush.
Republican Calvin Coolidge ascended to the presidency after the death of President Warren G. Harding in 1923. The following year he ran a successful campaign to retain the office defeating both the Democratic candidate John W. Davis and Robert M. LaFollette, candidate of the Progressive Party.
The song “Happy Days Are Here Again” from a 1930 movie musical was played at the 1932 Democratic National Convention which nominated Franklin D. Roosevelt. Immediately associated with Roosevelt’s campaign, it was the first pre-existing song selected for a presidential campaign theme song. Although the phrase “Happy Days” probably referred to hopes for the end of the Great Depression, this shot glass clearly promoted the repeal of Prohibition which was also associated with the song and endorsed by the 1932 Democratic platform. Economic circumstances and his party’s popular positions helped Roosevelt win his first term in the White House, defeating President Herbert Hoover, the Republican incumbent.
John F. Kennedy, the 1960 Democratic presidential nominee, was attempting to become the first president born in the twentieth century. His campaign played to his youth particularly in contrast to the age of the outgoing president, Dwight Eisenhower. Kennedy’s future-oriented slogan “The Man for the 60’s” is on one side of this lenticular button that changes designs when shifted. The other side features a picture of the candidate. Kennedy, still the youngest person ever elected to the office, defeated the Republican presidential candidate Richard Nixon in a very close race winning by less than two tenths of one percentage point.
“Together with McGovern” was a common campaign slogan for the 1972 Democratic presidential nominee. Senator George McGovern of South Dakota was personally involved in approving a rainbow design used on several items in his campaign, a level of participation unusual for twentieth-century candidates. McGovern was defeated by President Richard Nixon, a Republican, who was running for re-election.