Women and Philanthropy

Nannie Helen Burroughs photo and Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton by Daniel Huntington,
(left) Nannie Helen Burroughs (bottom left), around 1910.
Gift of Nannie Helen Burroughs School.
(right) Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton by Daniel Huntington, mid-1800s
Gift of Graham Windham

Did You Know?

Women have been active in organized philanthropy in what’s now the United States for centuries. Since the colonial era, Catholic women have provided charitable services, as did nuns of the Ursuline order in French colonial New Orleans in the 1700s. In the late 1700s and early 1800s, white women and African American women separately began founding charitable organizations in the early United States. Eliza Hamilton (featured above right) and other women in New York City established one of the earliest orphanages in the country. In Newport, Rhode Island, African American women founded the African Female Benevolent Society in 1809.

Nannie Helen Burroughs (featured above) founded the National Training School for Women and Girls in 1909 in Washington, D.C., to promote independence for African American women and girls in the face of segregation and limited opportunities. African Americans throughout the United States supported the institution.

Gender matters in philanthropy, as do religion, race, and class. These resources explore a range of women’s experiences in philanthropy at different points in American history.

Bringing Health Care to the Community

Chinatown Health Fair poster

What is Philanthropy?

What is Philanthropy?

Fur the war effort

How Evelyn Lauder took on breast cancer at the cosmetics counter

A heart shaped content

A Scout By Any Other Name

Girl Scout uniform

How black Philadelphians fought for soldiers during World War I

An illustration of an African American soldier

Why do we have a National Lace Collection?

Lace with U.S. seal

Madam C. J. Walker’s philanthropy

Portrait of Madam C. J. Walker, taken in 1915

Abolitionist and Reformer Lucretia Mott

A statue of Lucretia Mott

A story in clay: Sara Galner and the Saturday Evening Girls

A blue vase with art nouveau style flowers around the lip.