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Bibliography of Lighting

Journals Selected Articles:

Museums &
Historic Sites
Selected Articles:


Books (History):

  • Giorgio Antonelli, Light Signs: A light path through posters and advertising, 1890 - 1940 (Milan, Italy: Lupetti, 1995).
  • Neal Baldwin, Edison: Inventing The Century (New York: Hyperion, 1995).
  • G. Basil Barham, The Development of the Incandescent Electric Lamp (London: Scott, Greenwood & Son, 1912).
  • Charles C. Bazerman, The languages of Edison's light , (Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press, 1999.)
  • Wiebe E. Bijker, Of Bicycles, Bakelites, and Bulbs: Toward a Theory of Sociotechnical Change (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1995).
  • _______ and John Law, Shaping Technology / Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1992).
  • _______, Thomas Hughes and Trevor Pinch, The Social Construction of Technological Systems (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1987).
  • Kendall Birr, Pioneering in Industrial Research, The Story of the General Electric Research Laboratory (Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1957)
  • Brian Bowers, Lengthening the Day (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).
  • _______, A History of Electric Light & Power (Stevenage [Hertfordshire] ; New York : P. Peregrinus in association with the [London] Science Museum, 1982).
  • Arthur A. Bright, Jr., The Electric-Lamp Industry: Technological Change and Economic Development from 1800 to 1947 (New York: MacMillan Co., 1949).
  • C. N. Brown, J. W. Swan and the Invention of the Incandescent Lamp (London: Science Museum, 1978).
  • W. Bernard Carlson, Tesla: Inventor of the Electrical Age (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013).
  • _______, Innovation as a Social Process, Elihu Thomson and the Rise of General Electric, 1870 - 1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
  • Alfred D. Chandler, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business (Cambridge, MA.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1977).
  • Margaret Cheney, Tesla: Man Out of Time (Engelwood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1981).
  • Robert Conot, A Streak of Luck: The Life Story of Edison (New York: Seaview Books, 1979).
  • James A. Cox, A Century of Light (New York: Benjamin Co., 1979.)
  • William Crawford, The Keepers of Light, (Dobbs Ferry, NY: Morgan & Morgan, 1979).
  • Frank Dyer, and T. C. Martin, Edison, His Life and Inventions (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1910).
  • Wilfried Feldenkirchen, Werner Von Siemens: Inventor and International Entrepreneur (Columbus, OH: Ohio State Univ. Press, 1994).
  • Robert Friedel and Paul Israel with Bernard S. Finn, Edison's Electric Light: Biography of an Invention (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1986).
  • General Electric, Pictorial History of the Edison Lamp (Harrison, NJ: Edison Lamp Works, nd., circa 1915). Pamphlet # Y-873.
  • J. W. Hammond, Men and Volts: The Story of General Electric (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1941).
  • Richard F. Hirsch, Technology and Transformation in the American Electric Utility Industry (Cambridge, MA: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1989).
  • John W. Howell and Henry Schroeder, History of the Incandescent Lamp (The Maqua Co., 1927).
  • Thomas P. Hughes, Networks of Power (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983).
  • Francis Jehl, Menlo Park Reminiscences (Dearborn, MI: Edison Institute, 1936, 1938, 1941). Three volumes.
  • Robert Jones, and Oliver Marriott, Anatomy of a Merger: A History of G.E.C., A.E.I., and English Electric (London: Jonathan Cape Ltd., 1970).
  • Matthew Josephson, Edison: A Biography (New York: McGraw Hill, 1959)
  • Raymond Kane, and Heinz Sell, eds., Revolution in Lamps: A Chronicle of 50 Years of Progress (New York: Upword Publishing Co., 1997).
  • Andre Millard, Edison and the Business of Invention (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990).
  • Joseph B. Murdoch, Illuminating Engineering - From Edison's Lamp to The Laser (New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1985).
  • David E. Nye, The Invented Self: An Anti-biography, from Documents of Thomas A. Edison (Odense, Denmark: Odense University Press, 1983) 
  • _______,Electrifying America: Social Meanings of a New Technology (Cambridge, MA.: The MIT Press, 1990).
  • _______, Image Worlds: Corporate Identities at General Electric, 1890-1930 (Cambridge, MA.: The MIT Press, 1985).
  • Harold C. Passer, The Electrical Manufacturers, 1875-1900 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1953).
  • L. S. Reich, The Making of American Industrial Research: Science and Business at GE and Bell, 1876 - 1926 (Cambridge, MA: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1985).
  • R. P. Rogers, The Development and Structure of the U.S. Electric Lamp Industry: Bureau of Economics Staff Report of the Federal Trade Commission (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1980).
  • Wolfgang Schivelbusch, Disenchanted Night: The Industrialization of Light in the Nineteenth Century, trans., Angela Davies (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1988).
  • Henry Schroeder, History of Electric Light (Washington: SI., 1923).
  • _______, The Incandescent Lamp - Its History (Harrison, NJ: GE Edison Lamp Works, Oct. 1922). Lighting Data Bulletin #118A.
  • Marc J. Seifer, Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla, Biography of a Genius (Secaucus, NJ: Birch Lane Press, 1996).
  • G. W. Stocking and M. W. Watkins, Cartels in Action: Case Studies in International Business Diplomacy, (New York: The Twentieth Century Fund, 1946). Reprint: Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint Co., 1975.
  • G. W. Stoer, History of Light and Lighting (Eindhoven: Philips Lighting B.V., 1986).
  • Hollis L. Townsend, A History of Nela Park, (General Electric, 1957.)
  • Wyn Wachhurst, Thomas Alva Edison: The Biography of a Myth (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981).
  • George Wise, Willis R. Whitney, General Electric, and the Origins of US Industrial Research (New York: Columbia University Press, 1985).


Books (Technology):

  • Emile Alglave and J. Boulard, The Electric Light: Its History, Production and Application (New York: D. Appleton, 1884). 
  • Bernard Boylan, The Lighting Primer (New York: Illuminating Engineering Society, ).
  • M.A. Cayless and A.M. Marsden, eds., Lamps and Lighting, 3rd ed. (London: Arnold, 1983).
  • Willem Elenbaas, ed., Fluorescent Lamps, 2nd ed., (London: MacMillan Press Ltd., 1971).
  • _______, The High Pressure Mercury Vapor Discharge (NY: Interscience Publishers, 1951).
  • _______, High-Pressure Mercury Vapor Lamps and Their Applications (Eindhoven: Philips Technical Library, 1965).
  • _______, Light Sources (London: MacMillan, 1972) or (Eindhoven: Philips, 1972).
  • General Electric, The Extraordinary Light Bulb: Its Parts and Assembly (Cleveland, OH.: Lamp Business Division, nd., circa 1980). Form 1144-2205-R
  • Illuminating Engineering Society, IES Lighting Handbook (various editions, publishers, years.) 1949, '52, '59, '66, '72, '81 (2 v.), '84 (2 v.), '93, 2000.
  • Robert E. Levin and Tom Lemons, Lighting Handbook for Television, Theatre, and Professional Photography, 8th ed. (Danvers, MA: GTE Sylvania Inc, 1989).
  • Matthew Luckiesh, and Frank K. Moss, The Science of Seeing (New York: Van Nostrand, 1937).
  • Perry Moon, The Scientific Basis of Illuminating Engineering (New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1936, 1961).
  • John Waymouth, Electric Discharge Lamps (Cambridge, MA.: The MIT Press, 1971).
  • R. W. Wood, Physical Optics (NY: Macmillan, 1911).



  • Architectural Lighting
  • The Electrical Engineer
  • Electrical Engineering -(including AIEE Transactions)
  • The Electrical Experimenter
  • Electrical Merchandising
  • EPRI Journal
  • Electrical Review (NY)-[Formerly, Review of Telegraph & Telephone]
  • The Electrical Review (London)
  • Electrical Wholesaling
  • Electrical World (and Engineer)
  • Energy User News -[formerly Energy Auditor & Retrofitter]
  • GE Review
  • Home Energy News
  • Home Lighting & Accessories
  • IEE Proceedings -[London; Institute of Electrical Engineering]
  • Illuminating Engineering - (formerly Transactions of the IES)
  • IEEE Spectrum
  • Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society
  • Journal of Light and the Visual Environment
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America
  • Lighting Designs & Applications
  • Lighting Dimensions
  • Lighting Futures
  • Lighting Research and Technology
  • The Magazine of Light - [GE publication, circa 1923-58]
  • Philips Journal of Research
  • Philips Research Reports
  • Philips Technical Review [1936-89]
  • Technology & Culture
  • Western Electrician


Selected Articles (History):

  • John M. Anderson and John S. Saby, "The electric lamp: 100 years of applied physics," in Physics Today 32 (Oct. 1979), pp. 32-40.
  • Kate Bolton, "The Great Awakening of the Night: Lighting America's Streets," in Landscape 23, no. 3 (1979), pp. 41-47.
  • Arthur A. Bright, "Some Broad Economic Implications of the Introduction of Hot-Cathode Fluorescent Lighting," in Transactions of the Electrochemical Society 87 (1945), p. 367.
  • Arthur A. Bright, Jr. and  W. Rupert MacLaurin, "Economic Factors Influencing the Development and Introduction of The Fluorescent Lamp," in Journal of Political Economy 51, no. 5 (Oct. 1943), p. 429.
  • Bernard S. Finn, "The Incandescent Electric Light," in Margaret Latimer, Brooke Hindle and Melvin Kranzberg, eds., "Bridge to the Future", Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 424, 1984.
  • Mel Gorman, "Charles F. Brush and the First Public Electric Street Lighting System in America," in The Ohio Historical Quarterly 70, no. 2 (April 1961), pp. 128-44.
  • T. A. Heppenheimer, "The Man Who Found the Universe in a Light Bulb," in Invention & Technology, Win. 1998, p.28.
  • R. L. Oetting, "Electric Lighting in the First Century of Engineering," in Proceedings of The American Institute of Electrical Engineering 71, pt. 2 (Nov. 1952), p. 269.
  • Leonard S. Reich, "Lighting the Path to Profit: GE's Control of the Electric Lamp Industry, 1892-1941," in Business History Review 66 (Summer 1992), pp. 305-34.
  • Nathan Rosenberg, "Factors Affecting the Diffusion of Technology," in Explorations in Economic History 10, no. 1 (Fall 1972), p.3.
  • W. D'Arcy Ryan, "Lighting 'A Century of Progress'," in Electrical Engineering 53 (1934), pp. 731-44. 
  • Staff, "Philips of Eindhoven," in Fortune (June 1945), p.127.
  • George Wise, "Swan's Way: A Study in Style," in Spectrum 19, no. 4 (April 1982), pp. 66-70.


Selected Articles (Technology):

  • Allen, Carl J., and Ronald L. Paugh, "Applications of the Quartz Lighting Lamp" in Illuminating Engineering, December 1959, V.54, #12, p.741.
  • Anderson, John M., "Electrodeless Fluorescent Lamps Excited by Solenoidal Electric Fields," in Illuminating Engineering, April 1969, V.64, #4, p.236.
  • Campbell, John H., "Anatomy and Electrical Characteristics of a New Fluorescent Lamp," in Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, October 1972, V.2, #1, p.3.
  • Coble, Robert L., and Joseph E. Burke, "Sintering in Ceramics," in Progress in Ceramic Science, 1963, V.3, p.197.
  • Gross, Leo, and S.M. Skeist, "Feasibility Claimed for Handy Fluorescent," in Lighting Design & Application, December 1979, p.31.
  • Hoegler, L. E., and Terry K. McGowan, "Practical High Efficiency Tungsten-Halogen Lamps Using IR Reflecting Films," in Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, October 1984, V.14, #1, p.165.
  • Louden, William C., and Kurt Schmidt, "High-Pressure Sodium Discharge Arc Lamps," in Illuminating Engineering, December 1965, V.60, #12, p.696.
  • Martt, E. C., L. J. Smialek, and A. C. Green, "Iodides in Mercury Arcs - for Improved Color and Efficacy," in Illuminating Engineering, January 1964, V.59, #1, p.34.
  • Murayama, S., H. Matsuno, Y. Watanabe, T. Ono, K. Hosoya, T. Hirota "Compact Lamp with Two Interior Fluorescent Tubes," in Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, October 1984, V.14, #1, p.298.
  • Reiling, Gilbert H., "Characteristics of Mercury Vapor - Metallic Iodide Arc Lamps," in Journal of the Optical Society of America, April 1964, V.54, #4, p.532.
  • Roche, William J., "Theory, Design, and Application of Single-Socket Single-Electrode Fluorescent Lamps," in Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, October 1973, V.3, #1, p.65.
  • Siminovitch, Michael, and Evan Mills, "Dedicated CFL Fixtures for Residential Lighting," in Lighting Design & Application, March 1995, p.28.
  • T'jampens, G. R., and M. H. A. van de Weijer, "Gas-Filled Incandescent Lamps Containing Bromine and Chlorine," in Philips Technical Review, July 1966, V. 27, #7, p.173.
  • van Tijen, J. W., "Iodine Incandescent Lamps: I. Principle," and J. J. Balder, "Iodine Incandescent Lamps: II. Possible Applications," in Philips Technical Review, February/March 1962, V.23, #8/9, p.237, 242.
  • Verstegen, J.M.P.J., "A Survey of a Group of Phosphors, Based on Hexagonal Aluminate and Gallate Host Lattices," in Journal of the Electrochemical Society, December 1974, V.121, #12, p.1623.
  • Verstegen, J.M.P.J., D. Radielovi, and L.E. Vrenkin, "A New Generation of 'Deluxe' Fluorescent Lamps, Combining an Efficacy of 80 Lumens/W or More with a Color Rendering Index of Approximately 85," in Journal of the Electrochemical Society, December 1974, V.121, #12, p.1627. See also, discussion of this article between the authors and William Thornton, June 1975, V.122, #6, p.842.
  • Watanabe, Yoshio, Mikiya Yamane, and Shinkichi Tanimizu, "Single-ended Compact Fluorescent Lamp with Multi-arc Caused by Anode Oscillations," in Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, July 1982, V.11, #4, p.216.
  • Young, R.G., and E.W. Morton, "A compact partition fluorescent lamp," in Lighting Design & Application, May 1980, p.38.
  • Zubler, Edward G., and Frederick A. Mosby, "An Iodine Incandescent Lamp with Virtually 100 Per Cent Lumen Maintenance" in Illuminating Engineering, December 1959, V.54, #12, p.734 .


Museums & Historic Sites:

  • The Baltimore Museum of Industry: Baltimore, MD
  • Canada Science and Technology Museum: Ottawa, Ontario
  • Thomas Edison Birthplace & Museum: Milan, OH
  • The Edison-Ford Winter Estates: Ft. Myers, FL
  • Thomas Edison National Historic Site: West Orange, NJ
  • Edison Lamp Tower: Menlo Park, NJ
  • The Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village: Dearborn, MI
  • The Schenectady Museum, Hall of Electrical History: Schenectady, NY
  • Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History: Washington, DC


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