Managing the Wounded
Medical treatment for wounded soldiers entailed a highly organized, hierarchical system that sought to move men quickly off the battlefield and back through successive levels of care. The primary goal was to treat and return soldiers to active service as soon as possible. Americans studied the medical experiences of European nations already engaged in war and adopted many of their methods. Nations were especially concerned with restoring disabled men to “usefulness” after the war. New rehabilitation therapies helped injured soldiers heal and develop job skills, thus keeping them off government pensions.