Revolutionary War (detail of Boston massacre print)

War of Independence

Americans went to war to win their independence from Great Britain. Just weeks after the outbreak of fighting at Lexington and Concord, Congress appointed George Washington general and commander in chief of an army “for the Defense of American Liberty.” Outmatched American troops often retreated, but returned to fight again, frustrating British efforts to crush the rebellion. A stunning American victory at Yorktown sapped Britain’s will to fight.

Facts / Statistics

Dates: 1775-1783
Troops: 217,000
Deaths: 4,435