War of Independence (detail of Boston massacre print)

German Soldiers

Britain hired close to 30,000 German soldiers, many from the principality of Hesse-Cassel, to augment its forces in America. Infantry troops and elite fusilier units participated in almost every campaign of the war. Nearly 550 Germans were killed in action; another 6,500 succumbed to disease. More than 5,000 deserted and settled in America, joining many other Germans who had come as colonists.


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