Executive Order 9066

After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and the United States entered a war in Europe and the Pacific, the nation was overcome by shock, anger, and fear—a fear exaggerated by long-standing anti-Asian prejudice. Ten weeks later President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, under which nearly 75,000 American citizens of Japanese ancestry were taken into custody. Another 45,000 Japanese nationals living in the United States (but long denied citizenship because of their race) were also incarcerated. Some forty years later, members of the Japanese American community successfully led the nation to confront the wrong it had done—and to make it right.

With Executive Order 9066, President Franklin Roosevelt authorized the removal and incarceration of “any and all persons” from areas of the country deemed vulnerable to attack or sabotage.

On Loan from National Archives and Records Administration