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1870-1900

(left) Bust of the influential and controversial philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, made by John Massey Rhind, 1908
National Portrait Gallery, gift of Jean Bertram Burke Underhill; conserved with funds from Smithsonian Women’s Committee
(right) Poster announcing a concert to raise money for Russian Jewish refugees fleeing violent persecution, 1882

The Development of the Industrial United States 

How did the rise of corporations and industrial wealth reshape how Americans viewed charitable giving and the practice of philanthropy? 

In what ways did philanthropists attempt to meet the challenges of mass immigration and industrialization?

Bust of the influential and controversial philanthropist Andrew Carnegie & Poster announcing a concert to raise money for Russian Jewish refugees fleeing violent persecution, 1882

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