Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809)
established the University of Virginia, including designing the buildings, setting up the curriculum, and selecting the faculty.
James Madison (1809-1817)
helped found the American Colonization Society, which favored gradual abolition of slavery and the resettlement of slaves and free blacks in Africa.
John Tyler (1841-1845)
became a member of the Confederate House of Representatives.
Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)
created a nationally syndicated column for the McClure newspaper chain, "Thinking Things Over with Calvin Coolidge."
Gerald R. Ford (1974-1977)
established the AEI World Forum, where political problems and business policies are discussed at annual gatherings.
Jimmy Carter (1977-1981)
founded the nonprofit Carter Center at Emory University in Atlanta to
promote peace and human rights worldwide.